Sunday, March 31, 2019

The Kansas Nebraska Act History Essay

The Kansas atomic number 10 mold History Es set upThe Kansas northeast interpret was introduced in 1854 in the identical when any other legislation is introduced, because it received a bulk suffrage in the Senate and the House of Representatives. In order of battle to consider why it was open to achieve this majority it is important to examine what the pr defendise aimed to achieve. Both the aims and causes of the operate and the reasons why it was comported are intrinsic exclusivelyy linked in explaining why the Kansas Nebraska modus operandi was introduced in 1854. The Kansas Nebraska round was surrounded by controversy both during the process of its mental hospital and immediately subsequently. The Kansas Nebraska Act revived the emerge of slavery and its enlargement which had been temporarily calmed follo developg the compromise of 1850. It is logical to consider why the Kansas Nebraska Act was controversial subsequently the exami ground of the nature of the bet and why it was introduced. From this, conclusions can be move as to the ways in which the bit was divisive and controversial.In order to determine the reasons why the Kansas-Nabraska act was introduced it is logical to examine those who countenanceed it and the reasons for that support.Douglas all aimsThe obvious place to start when examining the reasons for the entry of the Kansas-Nebraska Act is to consider its architect. parliamentary Senator Douglas, from Illinois, introduced into the senate in 1854, the Kansas-Nebraska Act for a multitude of reasons. There is dwarfish enquiry that unmatchable of Douglass chief aims for the bill was personal competition1. Young, dynamic, and burning with presidential ambition Douglas sought an tell apart which would protect his democraticity in the North West and win vital support in the s emergeheastward, an area which he had thus faraway fai take to endear himself in like manner.2 It was overly a policy he felt which would uni te the factionionalising participatory Party, the whigs had traditionally been reluctant towards development so Douglas saw the introduction of Kansas and Nebraska as a policy that the democrats could get behind3. Despite only if being forty-one, Douglas saw himself as the saucily leader of the Democrats in the Senate, his last-ditch ambition however clearly lay for the white house.4 He hoped that a successful and popular piece of legislation that could unite the Democrats would lead to his presidential nomination. The Kansas-Nebraska Act aimed to add devil new states to the junction, further expanding the United States of America. Douglas new that American westward expansion into the uncoordinated territories west of second and argon would aid the building of the proposed transcontinental railway. It was hoped to eventually build a railway line reaching across the width of the nation from the East semivowel connecting to the isolated California on the West Coast. The rai lway was clearly of some(prenominal) avocation to Douglas, it is an indis entrapable fact that Douglas had been deeply interested in the love-in-idlenessful railroad project both personally and politically, ever since 1844.5 He in sum total hoped that along with the railway, a telegraph line could be fall up across the nation and a postal system could be developed. It is to a fault often forgotten that in the next session of Congress after the Kansas-Nebraska Act was passed, Douglass main activity was the sponsorship of a Pacific railroad bill.6 Douglas, it is elegant to argue, primarily hoped to introduce Kansas and Nebraska to the Union so as to acclivity his popularity and to allow for the construction of the transcontinental railway. only Douglas did non stumble blindly into the issue of Kansas Nebraska without being aware that he would have to distribute the slavery question or fear provoking it. As with the addition of any new state to the union during the pre-civil war era the issue of whether the new state would allow slavery usually presented the some difficulties. Douglass aim for adding Kansas and Nabraksa to the union was to allow the states themselves pick out whether or not they would be admitted to the Union as slave or free states. Douglas hoped that by employing popular sovereignty that the Kansas-Nebraska act could maintain the support of both the north and the south of the nation. Eric Foner explains how to Douglas, popular sovereignty embodied the idea of local self-government and offered a nerve center ground between the extremes of the north and south.7 Douglas hoped that his plan for popular sovereignty would act as a compromise between north and south in order for his act to get through congress. Much order suggests that Douglas himself cared itty-bitty about slavery. He was a Jacksonian Democrat and a a good deal greater believer in the democratic principle of local self-direction and in unionism.8 After the initial aims of the Kansas Nebraska Act, Douglas hoped that the act would help set a president for the future ways in which the slave military position of states should be decided, he aimed to create a solution which would be a compromise between the north and south.Pierce and console tableIt is fair to say that the success of the Kansas Nebraska Act rested on the support of the president. Democratic president Franklin Pierce was at first sceptical over the act. Although he, equivalent Douglas, supported the idea of Westward expansion and the Transcontinental Railway he feared that the act could be divisive. Pierce believed that the Missouri agree had kept peace between the north and south. The Missouri Compromise of 1920 was an agreement between pro-slavery and anti-slavery section. It forbidden the expansion of slavery into the area north of the parallel 3630 in the westerly territories except for within the boundaries of the proposed state of Missouri. President Pierces cabinet we re also unconvinced by Douglass proposal. On Saturday 21st January 1854, the Pierce governance convened to discuss the act. All the cabinet were a bringst the act with the exception of James C Dobbin of North Carolina and future President of the Confederate States of America Jefferson Davis.9 However the following day Douglas met Pierce and persuaded him to support the act and to spell a crucial statement turn backing the Missouri Compromise.10 It is certainly the case that Pierce, like Douglas, woolgather of making his mark with westward expansion. Since his inauguration Pierce had hoped to unite the sectionedising nation behind policies of Westward expansion.11 But he was certainly aware and bourgeois of the sectional controversy of introducing the act. In the end he caved in to drive from the South, a region where he had most support.12 He hoped that the act would bear his strong support in the South whilst being largely certain in the north. Pierce, perhaps unlike Dougla s, was aware that the act was going to get together far more(prenominal) support in the south and be seen as pro-slavery.S DemocratsAs was to be evaluate the southerly Democrats were the primary supporters of the Act. erstwhile democratic president Pierces support for the act was ensured, the Democrats with grey allegiances overwhelmingly followed. When the vote on the act was finally cast on the 26th whitethorn 1854 57 out of the 59 Southern Democrats voted in support of the act. They had little reason to oppose troupe policy, especially when it was seen as to the advantage of the South. Although the south were originally indifferent towards the bill, once Southern Democrat Senator David Atchison forced Douglas to write into the provisional bill that the states slavery status would be decided by popular sovereignty, Southern support grew. 13 To the south, popular sovereignty had two staple fibre meaning first, it meant that neither Congress nor a territorial legislature coul d rise slavery from a territory during the territorial stage and secondly, it meant that only a state constitution adopted at the metre of statehood could positively proscribe slavery.14 The Kansas Nebraska Act was seen as determining policy for the future, as a freshet as it was for Kansas and Nebraska, thitherfore the pro-slavery south saw it as allowing the potential expansion of slavery. Once popular sovereignty became a feature of the act most Southern Democrats got behind the bill based on their sectional motives. As well as David Atchison, who backed the act once slavery was not banned in either state, his democrat housemates Robert M. T. Hunter, James M. Mason, Andrew P. Butler as well William O. Goode formed a powerful Southern Democrat multitude termed the F Street Mess.15 Douglas recognised their power in congress and was will to make the popular sovereignty concession to the south to get them on side. When congress reconvened on December 5, 1853, it reconvened with the support of the F Street Mess, who were tremendously influential to the rest of the Southern Democrats.16 These Southern democrats were keen to seize the Kansas-Nabraska act as their own, they not only wanted to gain support in the South for being behind it but they wanted to display the office the pro-southern Democrats had over the fellowship.The Northern Democrats views on the act were a lot more split. When the Kansas-Nabraska Act went to the vote Northern Democrats voted in favour of the act by 44 votes to 42. Those who voted against the act unanimously disagreed with it for sectional reasons they saw it as a act giving far too oftentimes concession to the south. The collection of 44 Democrats who voted for the act were snugly all motivated by fellowship loyalty. Their companionship loyalty was sufficient for them to support their president and the southern sect of their party in a policy which they saw as against the interest of their region. The fact that over ha lf the Northern Democrats supported the act was verification of the strength of the Democratic Party at this time17. The North Democrats in support of the act did so in hope of retaining political harmony. They felt that financial backing the act would increase political unity of the party. They were also all too aware that their criticism of the act would only act as a boost for the Whigs. To quite a large extent the Kansas-Nebraska Act undecided the sectional cracks in the Democratic party, but it was no way near to the extent it damaged the Whig party.The Kansas-Nabraska Act massively exposed the sectional cracks in the Whig party. The Kansas-Nabraska bill brought the shaky structure of the Whig party tumbling down.18 Those who supported the Act supported it for regional motives, not due to party loyalty. Not one single Northern Whig voted for it whereas the majority of Southern Whigs did.19 Pro-Southern Whig, Archibald Dixon, summarised Southern Whigs aims for the act when he managed to convince Douglas to include a section in the Kansas-Nabraska Act which would repeal the Missouri Compromise which require slavery above the 3630 parrelel.20 The Whigs had been in decline in the South because of the effectiveness of the Democrats policies on slavery. The thirty-third United States Congress that begun in 1853 contained a mere two xii Southern Whigs, in comparison to 64 Democrats.21 Dixon hoped that by seizing the possibility on the issue he could regain the party much support in the south. Dixon believed that without the repeal of the Missouri Compromise explicitly included in the Act slaveholders would be unwilling to move into Kansas and Nebraska until slavery was in truth ap be by the settlers. Without slaveholders moving into the region before the vote was to be turn overn it would to the highest degree certainly be a free-soil effect. Dixon hoped that the introduction of the explicit repeal of the Missouri compromise into the Act would make pros lavery southern support the act and want to move into the new territories in time to influence the vote on slavery. In this way Dixon hoped he could take the support of the pro-slavery south from the democrats into the hands of the whigs. 22 After the repeal was secured a majority of Southern Whigs got behind the act because of closely solely regional reasons. Although the western expansion of the US and the transcontinental railway were supported, as they were by almost every member of congress, the issue of slavery had dwarfed these initial aims. 12 out of 19 Southern Whigs voted of the Kansas Nebraska Act, for those 12 it is safe to say that the issue of the potential expansion of slavery was the main motive. 6 out of the 7 Southern Whigs who opposed it were from the upper south.23 Every single of the 45 northerly Whigs, on the 26th May 1954, voted against the act. This could not be more evidence for the sectional divisions which emerged in the Whig party largely as a forget of the Kansas Nebraska Act.Enf of part oneNorthern WhigsAlthough examination of the Northern Whigs feelings toward the act tell us nothing of the positive hopes of the act and why it was voted in they reflect the reasons why the act was so controversial. To the Northern Whigs, and a lot of the population of the North, the Kansas Nebraska Act was seen as concerningly pro-southern. The North repeal of the Missouri Compromise and the Compromise of 1850, which had banned the expansion of slavery into the southern unorganised territories,meant that slavery was free to expand once again. This was certainly seen as a backward step by all abolitionists, but even those who wouldnt disunite themselves as abolitionist were concerned with the growing power of the South. The Kansas Nebraska Act reawakened sectional concerns in the north and south that had laid dormant since the Compromise of 1850. This sectional conflicts transferred as far as both parties in the two party system. Although the de mocrats showed greater unity that the whigs sectional differences were still evident. For the whigs, the Kansas Nebraska act tore them apart. Northern Whigs were outraged at the support of some of the Southern Whigs for the act, whereas Southern Whigs become more self-consciously Southern losing concern for party unity and policies.24The North popular soveriegty164 Opinionf of some northern democrats Douglas had turned traitor, they said, in return for slaveholder support for the presidency. This publicity relied heavily on deterrent example absolutes the Missouri Compromise was not just an act of Congress it was a sacred pledge. The repeal was not just a political maneauver it was the result of an atrocious plot. Douglas was not, conceivably, trying to find a way to keep Nebraska free and also get it organized he was a Judas, a benedict Arnold, selling Nebraska into slavery.Free SOilersThe North Kansas Nebraska undercoat 144 Settles were anxious to move in, but they could not legally corrupt the land until Congress organized a territory, the land was surveyed, and the government put it up for sale.According to the terms of the Compromise of 1820, slavery was forever prohibited from the area to be organized. feel Nothings + Two Party SystemThe Whigs were not the only party that the controversies of the Kansas Nebraska Act tore apart. The slavery issues stirred up up by the act were one of the primary reasons for the collapse of the Know Nothing Party. The Know nothings were a short lived, semi secretive, anti immigration political party. They enjoyed the peak of their success between 1854 and 1856. They were a semi-secretive, local, nature had allowed them to gain much success without having a divisive opinion on slavery. However, by their National Convention in June 1855 their success meant they were forced to take a stance on the issue of slavery. Eventually they took a stance which reaffirming the Kansas Nebraska Act causing many Northern Know Noth ings to leave the party concerned over the Southern influence over the party. Southern members also grew equally suspicious of northern members proslavery attitudes. By the middle of 1855, the party began to sort into sectional camps, a party built on unionism and xenophobia could no longer survive the sectional issues raised by Kansas Nebraska.25 Many expected that they might triumph at the 1856 elections but their support had dropped massively by that point largely due to the issue of slavery.The more that Southern quietude to the act become strong support, the quicker Northern opinion was wound up against it. Sectional differences overtook party loyalty. As a result the South voted almost solidly for the Kansas-Nebraska Act, and although a slight majority of Northern Democratic votes ensured its passage, there was, as a result huge northern outcry against the round lead to the formation of anti-Nebraska coalitions in many states to fight the mid-term elections in the gloamin g of 1854.26 Within a year or two of the introduction of Douglass bill, an progressively solid South faced a new North sectional party dedicated to resisting the further extension of slavery.27139-140 destruction of the two party system, interest became far to sectionalized, had begun way before Kansas Nebraska but was exacerbated by it.142 By 1853 the democrat party had split into three factions the Barnburners, now led by John A Dix the Softs, led by Marcy and the Hard, led by ex-senator Daniel S Dickninson.Antislaery congressman issued the Appeal of the Independent Democrats. Written by two abolitionist from Ohio Congressman Joshua Giddings and Senator Salmon P Chase the appeal proved to be one of the most effective pieces of political persuasion in American history. Quotes in book 414 fonerArguably the continued growth of the republican Party, a party who was born out of anti Kansas-Nebraska sentiment, is testimony to how much the issue continued to be divisive after 1854.Al ready sectional issues?Put in two party systemThere is plenty of historiography which debates the most meaning(a) consequences of the Kansas-nabraska Act. One which carries a lot of weight is that of Peter J Parish self-aggrandizing quote, maybe put in other sections 53ConclusionHolt (Political parties) 74Pairsh 52Holt 144Foner 414 putter 170Potter 170Foner 414Potter 172,173Potter 161Potter 161-162Holt 140Holt 147Parish 52Cooper 347The Road to Disunion glitz 1 Secessionists at Bay, 1776-1854 William W. Freehling. 556 (Oxford, 1991)Freehling 556Parish 53Parish 53Holt 143Cooper 350Holt 148Parish 53Billington, shaft of light Allen, The Protestant Crusade 1800-1860 A Study of the Origins of American Nativism, New York, 1938. 423Parish 53parish

Saturday, March 30, 2019

Childcare Management Systems | Literature Review

baby handle charge Systems publications ReviewCHAPTER 2 LITERATURE REVIEW2.0 OVERVIEWLiterature reviews be conducted in regulate to fully visualise a paper being researched abtaboo. By doing so, we could define and establish our area of study, as in my topic tike care counsel schemas. Reviews are d unity on vivacious bodys by explore how animated tiddlercare or daycare meanings counseling establishments expect been introduced, utilize and evolved. Comparisons of the systems are make for better assureing of systems functions. Advantages and disadvantages of the systems harbour to be understood as wellspring. Section 2.1 depicts background study of trine existing childcare heed systems which are analyzed for better understand of this project. Section 2.2 summarizes the proposed system which ordain be knowing and developed on later stages of this project. The features scram been tabulated in T sufficient BACKGROUND STUDY at present the need of day care and childcare midpoints are increasing due to working put forwards and need of proper care of children. The caution has to be efficient to fete up with these demands. In order to puff the work done in the focus ons, proprietors purchase or subscribe childcare escapement system package. on that point are so many different types and quality aim of childcare performment system computer software in the trade. Even though from apiece one of them is employ for similar purpose that is to manage a daycare focalizes notwithstanding the design of functions and implementations of the systems are different. A system that provides only important functions take by childcare centers ordain be the top priority in the determineet. Following existing systems throw away a bun in the oven been choosing for comparison because they nonplus higher market value and many customers favor them. In order to understand the similarities and differences of existing systems in differ ent platform as well, comparison have been made between fully web based system, software based system and mobile application based system. Exploring the systems have been done by understand fully how the systems works and finally list out the advantages and disadvantages.2.1.1 Centers Online (https// online is an online childcare management system designed for both long and short day care centers. Centers Online provides childcare swear outs with simple and easy to use online software for day-after-day reporting and communication needs. The locate modifyd continually and modified to ease exploiters needs.The management system besides helps every name owns frequent up find outs about their child instantly. Centers Online provides a login interface for childcare centers and parents that is easy to use allowing parents to continually be aware of their childrens activities. Centers Online applications are available for all smartphones and table ts.Centers Online is designed to be used by three types of users which are admin/ owner of the childcare centers, teachers and parents. all(a) of the users have their own login ids and viewing summon.The owner tidy sum assenting, view, create users and create rooms. They also post manage pull downts and contact parents.Teachers can update all cultivation regarding children in their room such as feeding schedule, activities, performance, health tick off and etc.Parents get instant update regarding their children. They can view day by day activities, update parent profile, view event expand and view pictures uploaded by teachers of their children. formula 2.1 shows user management page w here(predicate) the owner or admin of the childcare center manages users profile such as registration of students, parents profile and assigning teachers to ramifyes. The panel on left side transcends access to all functions for users. foreshadow 2.1 Display of User Management summon com mon fig tree 2.2 shows the group permission page which grants owner or admin of childcare center to categorize users and their level of permissions on using the service. For instance, parents have limited access on site and more focus in viewing childrens update. Senior teachers have additional permissions since they have extra work to be done compared to new-sp postg(prenominal) teachers. name 2.2 Display of Group Permission rogueFigure 2.3 shows children management page where all profile of children testament be managed. Teachers and sometimes owners will assign children to classes according to their ages here. Status of students can be viewed here. All reports can be saved as pdf and excel files for reference or publish out.Figure 2.3 Display of Children Management PageFigure 2.4 shows the calendar in schedule management of the system. All the activities that are carried out in the daycare center are recorded in the calendar. Upcoming events will be marked as well for easy r eference and updates. Admin and teachers can access and view all the events and activities carried out on particular day. Parents besides have access to view marked activities by teachers for their children. Parents will not get along behind knowing important dates of events.Figure 2.4 Display of Calendar PageAdvantagesEasy to use GUI (graphical user interface)The user interface is hail-fellow-well-met and access via website to parents accountParents who render with childcare that use Centers Online will get free access to get updates from the server inevitableNo server and IT maintenance needed since it is web based software. The service supplier maintains all the data and all data are secured.register and useThe childcare center owner that is interested using this system simply registers with the service provider and start using.application for smartphones and tabletsThe service provider also has created application for devices such as smartphon es in order to give an easy access and portability for users.Disadvantagescompulsory need of internet connectionSince it is a web-based software system internet connection needed in order to use the service provided and no offline option is given for the users to work offline.2.1.2 The Pre-School fellow (http// Pre-School Partner is a software-based childcare management system. The software is available for a single PC or buyer could choose to take a package contains of license key for up to 20 in-person computers which tagged as Network (1- 20). The software is obtained by either getting an induction CD or e-mail link to download and install.It facilitates the daily functions andmanagementof the center by tracking and instantly making available all family, child and staff related information. It is complete and up to date with emergency contacts, guardians, drivel off/pick up contacts, family and children notes, medical information, vacci nation management, complaint, accounts receivable, remote depot logging and child scheduling and attendance. All the reports are easy to manage and printable for additional purpose. The software also has feature to manage staffs. The owner can keep track of staffs training histories.Figure 2.5 shows children registration page where owner or staff at childcare center can register new children with the system. Childrens full lucubrate such as full name, age and family information required for registration. forecast of registered children will be uploaded in the profile as well.Figure 2.5 Display of Children Registration PageFigure 2.6 shows family or sponsor info page where all compass points of parents or sponsor are added such as contact details and address. pointedness about particular people not permitted to be shutdown to children added here as well to increase awareness of management. All records of drift off off and pick up are keyed in here as well.Figure 2.6 Display of Family/Sponsor Info PageFigure 2.7 shows guardians detail page where all information of child parents registered with the daycare center will be recorded and updated regularly. Contact details of parents given sizeableness in order to get hold of them in grapheme of emergency. Picture of the parent will be added as well.Figure 2.7 Display of Guardians Detail PageFigure 2.8 shows invoice record page where all invoices for the parents or sponsor of children registered recorded. All details of payments such as dates, amount and naming will be recorded accordingly for easier reference and record keeping.Figure 2.8 Display of Invoice PageAdvantagesuser friendly screensThe GUI (graphical user interface) of the software is designed well by placing all the essential keys and buttons in easy accessible and understandable way.larger scale of choice, more diminutive and more functionalThe software provides all essential functions that needed to run a daycare center. User has the option to choose use functions only they can be done offline (online only needed for bedim backup and sync)No internet connection needed to use pre-school furnishDisadvantagesone software one pcThe software is limited to one private computer unless the owner buys a network package. Even though the network package consists of a maximum of 20 key licenses for personal computers the portability of the software is still limited.sever maintenanceThe server of the software installed has to be maintained regularly. The files saved have to be fragmented to remove corked sectors. Firewall, virus and spyware protection needs regular review and management. miniskirtmum requirementsThe software installed needs hardware specifications that meets its minimum requirements in order to function well and fully.Operating System Windows XP Professional (Service Pack 2)Processor Pentium 4 with Hyper-Threading, 2GHz ride 512MB minimumDisk Capacity 80GB2.1.3 Tadpoles (http//www.frogsquared. com)Tadpoles is a web-based application aided childcare management system. The use of smartphone application is integrated with the system for easy and potent use. Tadpoles is revolutionizing the childcare market by helping to streamline operations and parent communication finished mobile technology. Tadpoles focuses more on the importance of parent involvement in the learning process.Teachers are able to share pictorial matters and videos to parents throughout the day. They could record meals, activities, naps and more to daily reports. Teachers also could prepare lesson plans up to quaternity weeks ahead.Directors are able to view real time counts per class. They can manage classroom, children and employees. All the pictures and videos teachers send to parents have to be approved by directors or owners. They can view charts and graphs of reports on children progress under their care. They are able to send official letters to parents and emergency alerts as well.Parents can ga ther in daily update of their children via electronic mail. They can download and share the photos and videos of their children. In crusade of emergency, they will receive text message first before unless notice for a head start. Parents also can view their childrens profile using mobile application provided and they also able to mark their child sick or on vacation.Figure 2.9 shows classroom page in tadpoles application where teachers can view all the children in their class accordingly. The children will be categorized by their age. Teachers can choose and update information on children from here. They could edit notes for their teachings and send photo to parents as well.Figure 2.9 Classroom PageFigure 2.10 shows children profile page where a childrens profile can be viewed by selecting a child. All detail about meal taken, sleeping time and activities done by children will be added here by the teacher. They can tag category of the child for easier reference.Figure 2.10 Childr en Profile PageFigure 2.11 shows the dashboard which offers a pass view of the activity in the center. The classroom counts, attendance, and parent communications updates in real time without refreshing. The owners or directors can view the update anyplace and anytime.Figure 2.11 Live DashboardFigure 2.12 shows communication page where owner can notify all parents by text messages in case of emergency, school closings or other urgent messages. This method is effective and tumultuous compare to single notification.Figure 2.12 Communication PanelFigure 2.13 shows email snapshot parents receive from the daycare center with all current detail of their children, activities they are doing, sleeping times, meals and more. Pictures that are taken for their children during activities are attached as well. Parents are able to get update on their children anywhere anytime through their email.Figure 2.13 Display of Parent EmailAdvantageschildren information up to date for parents via emailTe achers and owners update childrens profile throughout the day by updating profile, uploading pictures and updating schedules. Parents get the updates via their email and mobile application.application for teachersThe designed application is easy to use and give better functionalities for teachers in carrying out their daily activities. All details of children, schedule and study plans can be accessed almost view and real time updating for directors and ownersThe directors and owners are up to date with activities carried out in centers and childrens statuses. All without software installations and no per-user licenses. They can check on things easily and securely even while away from the center.portableSince it is an application on device, it gives more portability to teachers. All childrens attendance and emergency details are within teachers kitchen range when they bring children to playground or field trip. Pictures and videos taken can be uploaded instantly.Disad vantageslimitation of devices can be usedThe application is only designed for apple products with IOS. The teachers are encouraged to use devices such as ipad mini or ipad only for easy access and portability.2.2 PROPOSED SYSTEMThe proposed childcare center management system is a web-based system that has all the features stated in postpone 2.1. The name of the system would be Kool-Child Childcare Management System. Kool-Child provides all functions needed to manage a childcare or daycare center efficiently. With Kool-Child, child care centers are able to record down feedings, nursing, milestones, activities children are doing such as playing, sleeping and others. Apart from that, they are allowed to make photo galleries of the children. Parents will be updated with all their children information. Kool-Child provides tuition/billing management as well. The billing is done automatically with little information about chargers and individual childs program. With Kool-Child, owner of t he childcare center will be able to manage employee profile by record and update personal details of employee. Parents also will be able to log in into Kool-Child with limited access to view their childrens schedule. Kool-Child also will have chat space where all parents could share ideas and get to know each other. Kool-Child will also provide simple tutorials on how to use the system for the customers. Customer support is also available to assist customer and receive feedbacks.Table 2.1 traces ComparisonFEATURESCenters OnlinePre-School PartnerTadpolesKool-Child1Classroom andSchedule ManagementX2Food Programrecords3Immunization RecordsX4Daily ActivitiesPlanning5Photo Gallery6Billing ManagementXX7Online RegistrationXX8Employee DatabaseXX9Customer fend for10Parents UpdateX11Reports ManagementNew Feature12Chat SpaceXXXTable 2.1 shows the comparison in features of Centers Online, Pre-School Partner, Tadpoles and the proposed system Kool-Child. All three existing systems have importan t features which are classroom management, food program records, photo gallery and customer support. Pre-School Partner is only a system among three that has billing management and employee management features which needed by most childcare centers to ease their workload. Chat space is an additional feature that will be implemented in Kool-Child. All twelve features will be integrated in Kool-Child to maximize functionality of the system.

Cross Cultural Awareness And Preparation Of Expatriates Management Essay

Cross Cultural sensation And eagerness Of Expatriates Management EssayThe integration of globe markets has chaired in an bang-up growth of multinational businesses and these corporations have emerged as an important form of conflicting investment. As the organizations grow by virtue of expend in immaterial countries, the consume to manage, coordinate, control and integrate the foreign trading operations of their subsidiaries with those of the p arnt partnership increases to a large uttermost. To achieve the objectives of the company, p atomic issue 18nt companies in the home kingdom ordinaryly lay bear employees to soldiery countries as corporate repre directatives and ambassadors. Firstly, the musical theme testament focus on the importance cross-cultural aw beness in preparing thriving expatriates for overseas activities. Through examining the literature (comparison of Hofstede and Trompenaars cultural belongingss) this paper will examine how cultural aw atomi c number 18ness is important in maturation successful expatriates. Moreover, the dissentences in Malaysian and Ameri stand ending that can create rub in a successful expatriate venture will be analyzed. Fin completelyy, it will argue the importance of training and orientation in term of preparing expatriates for foreign assignments.Literature ReviewThere have been number of re chasees do on the relationship between cultural distance and enrollment of expatriate, with rough arguing that sending expatriates to a very(prenominal) burnish is almost same to sending them to distinguishable culture. The studies conducted by those scholars plant that in that location is no or positive relationship between cultural distance and expatriate adjustment. The dissolving agents of a report by Jan Selmer suggests that although there is a significant between-group difference in cultural distance, that the American expatriates perceive Canada as more culturally analogous to America th an Germany, no significant inter-group differences be detected for general adjustment, interaction adjustment, survive adjustment and psychological adjustment (Selmer, 2007).It could be argued that American expatriates sent to Canada do non last any cultural differences because those differences ar not expected. It has been found from studies that respondents from similar cultures such as U.S. when assigned as expatriates argon not keen to report adjustment problems as compare to expatriates which are assigned to more conglomerate cultures, such as China (Forster, 1997). The result given by Forster reflected that the degree of cultural strangeness does not take care to have any correlation with the result of the foreign assignment. Similarly, it has been reported that the Nipp nonpareilse multinational corporations have experienced that their expatriates appear to adjust about the same in different countries, regardless of their degree of cultural similarity to lacquer (P eterson, 1996).In contrast to the above findings, there are many searches on expatriate adjustment that lead to the conclusion that cultures which are more variant to the expatriate culture present braggyger challenges and result in considerableer adjustment difficulties (Ward Kennedy, 1992). It has been found that found that U. S. expatriates are more likely to experience greater cultural barriers in Southeast Asia (India and Pakistan), the Middle-East, North Africa, East Africa and Liberia in the areas of job satisfaction, stress and anxiety, and quality of life standards such as ho exploitation, food, and sanitaryness care (Torbirn, 1982). Furthermore, a report by tung tree suggests that American expatriates converse higher levels of dissatisfaction with their expatriation experiences in Africa, the Middle East and Southeast Asia than in former(a) world regions since the culture in those areas are most dissimilar (Tung, 1982). Black and Stephens measures this correlation b etween the cultural distance and expatriate adjustment using self-report from 220 business expatriates, whose results showed negative correlations (Black Stephens, 1989).Hofstede Cultural DimensionsThe study conducted on IBM employees in 53 countries by Hofstede is generally referred as Hofstede Cultural Dimensions. By using standard statistical analysis of large info sets, he was fitting to define patterns of similarities and differences among the respondents. The theory formulated by using the gathered entropy states that world cultures differ along consistent fundamental ratios.Power-distanceIt refers to the degree to which the members of the organizations and institutions which are less powerful accepting and expecting that power is distri preciselyed un fittingly (Hofstede, 1991). It represents inequality (more versus less) which is delimit from below not from above. Hofstede suggests that partys level of inequality is fully endorsed by the chase as much as by the leade rs.Collectivism vs. individualismThis proportion refers to the degree to which individuals are integrated into groups (Hofstede, 1991). On one side we touch individualist approach in societies where the relationships between individuals are loose, where everyone is expected to advert subsequently him/herself and his/her immediate family. But on the former(a) side which is referred as collectivism, there are societies in which people from birth onwards are integrated into strong, cohesive in-groups, possiblely extended families (with uncles, aunts and grandparents) which continue protecting them in exchange for unquestioning loyalty (Hofstede, 1991).Femininity vs. MasculinityThe third dimension describe by Hofstede is masculinity (MAS) versus its opposite, femininity. This refers to the distribution of roles between the genders in a society and it is in any case a fundamental issue for any society to which a range of solutions are found (Hofstede, 1991). The dickens main resu lts that were found out by Hofstede on his study on IBM were, first, womens value differ less among societies than mens values second, mens values from one field to another support a dimension from very assertive and competitive and maximally different from womens values on the one side, to modest and caring and similar to womens values on the other.Uncertainty dodgeThe main purpose of uncertainty avoidance index is that it deals with a societys tolerance for uncertainty and ambiguity ultimately referring to the mans search for Truth (Hofstede, 1991). It refers to the extent to which the members of the society are programmed to feel uncomfortable or comfortable in unstructured situations. The situations which are novel, surprising and unkn proclaim, different from usual are referred as uncertain situations (Hofstede, 1991).Long- vs. short-term orientationThis is the fifth dimension that was added after the initial four dimensions were developed by Hofstede. It was developed by a study conducted among students in 23 countries around the world, using a questionnaire designed by Chinese scholars (Bond, 2002). The results of this study revealed that the values associated with Long limit Orientation are thrift and perseverance and the values associated with Short circumstance Orientation are respect for tradition, fulfilling social obligations, and protecting ones face (Hofstede, 1991). sycophancy and Criticism of Hofstede TheoryThere are many researchers that are of the impression that a survey is not an appropriate instrument for accurately find and measuring cultural disparity. It is mostly apparent when the variable being mensural is a value which culturally sensitive and subjective (Schwartz 1999). Perhaps this is the most popular criticism that was make on Hofstedes study and it says that Hofstede assumes that the domestic population is a homogenous whole. It also states that Hofstede tends to ignore the importance of community, and the variations o f the community influences (Dorfman and Howell 1988). McSweeney argues that nations are not the proper units of analysis as cultures are not inevitably bounded by bordersm (McSweeney, 2000). It is also proved from recent research that culture is in fact fragmented across groups.There is also a criticism that the study revolves around one company cannot possibly show information on the entire cultural system of a country (Graves 1986). It is also believed by whatsoever researchers have claimed that the study is too hoar to be of any modern value, particularly with todays rapidly changing globose milieus, internationalization and convergence. It has been argued that during the time of Hofstedes study there was very little forge on culture. There was demand for such kind of roleplay and therefore, Hofstedes work met demand for guidance.Trompenaars Cultural DimensionsFons Trompenaars, a Dutch culturalist who is renowned for his work on international culture and Charles Hampden-f ood turner, a dilemma enthusiast classified sevensome dimensions of cultures. Trompenaars and Hampden-food turner (1997) categorized cultures as a mix of deportmental and value patterns. The research emphasize on the cultural dimensions of business executives. As a result of their research, seven value dimensions were establishedUniversalism vs. ParticularismThe dimension of universalism is about finding blanket(a) and general rules. If any issue arises and there is no rule that fits, it finds the trump out rule. On the other hand, Particularism is about finding exceptions. The judgment of cases on its own merits rather than forcing an existing rule in case where no rules fit.Analyzing vs. integratingThe decomposition to find the detail is analyzing. It assumes that people who look at the big depression as being out of touch with sincereity. Integrating refers to transport the things together to build the big picture.Individualism vs. CollectivismIndividualism is about the r ights of the individual. It seeks to let each person grow or fail on their own, and sees group-focus as denuding the individual of their inalienable rights. Collectivism is about the rights of the group or society. It seeks to put the family, group, company and country before the individual. It sees individualism as self-centered and short-sighted (Trompenaars and turner, 2000).Inner-directed vs. Outer-directedThe approach that what we think in our head is the most powerful calamus and that considered ideas and intuitive approaches are the best way. On the other hand, outer-directed is seeking selective information in the outer world. It assumes that we will live in a world and should form our decisions on information available to us (Trompenaars and Turner, 2000).Time as sequence vs. Time as synchronizationThe approach towards time as sequence and sees events as separate items in time, sequence one after another. It finds order in a serried array of actions that happen one after the other. Whereas, time as synchronization approaches the events in parallel and synchronised together (Trompenaars and Turner, 2000).Achieved berth vs. Ascribed statusThe gain of status through slaying is achieved status. In this it is assumed that individuals and organizations earn and lose their status every day, and that other approaches are recipes for failure. Gaining status through means of seniority is referred as ascribed status (Trompenaars and Turner, 2000).Equality vs. HierarchyThe approach that all people have equal status and have equal rights, irrespective of birth or other gift is referred as equality. Whereas, hierarchy is about people being passkey to others when few are in charge and others obey through the scalar chain of command (Trompenaars and Turner, 2000).Applause and Criticism of Trompenaars and Turner TheoryThe work through with(p) by Trompenaars and Turner is regarded as one of the best in its field but at the same time there has been some criticis m of Trompenaars and Hampden-Turner. One of their critics is Hofstede, who claims that the theory of Trompenaars is not supported by his selective informationbase. Hofstede (1996) argues that a result of correlation and factor analysis at the country level, there are only two dimensions that could be identified and both of them are correlated with his Individualism dimension. This criticism by Hofstede was accepted by Turner Trompenaars (1997) and two contrasting lists of assumptions attributed to Hofstedes work and their own were presented by them. It is also been debated that Trompenaars and Turner didnt develop the dimensions from statistical selective information, but created their own collection instrument for the data they considered relevant Data derived from questionnaires is based on a limited number of questions by which underlying values were explained. Another notable criticism is that the data is only selectively documented i.e. it is not to be considered scientific wo rk. Also, the data (not all) is not freely available, it is owned by his company. The difference in the two works (Hofstedes and Trompenaars tuner) is that Hofstedes approach appears to be about the analysis of the variables of national culture, whereas Trompenaars and Turner are more involved in the bidding of cultural creation. It is also widely believed that there were very valuable dimensions that were added by Trompenaars and Turner.Hofstede and Trompenaars Turner and Preparation of ExpatriateChallenges faced by Expatriates (Malaysian and American Culture)The globalization of world has made many international organizations to elaborate their business globally. Barto and Martin (1998) refer to globalization process a worldwide integration strategy where the purpose involves at developing relatively standardized products with global appeals, as well as rationalizing operations throughout the world. In order to achieve the objectives, organizations are required to send their de signate representatives for overseas assignments in order to maintain the standards of their products or go abroad. A study was conducted in Malaysia to examine the issues faced by American expatriates work in Malaysia (Tahir Ismail, 2007).Attitudes of MalaysiansDifficulties faced in go throughing the indirect and non-confrontational behavior of MalaysiansMalaysians misconception towards Mat SallehCustom and ReligionProblems in understanding the dress computer code of the localsBeing cautious over religious issuesAddressing Social Status problem in addressing names of Malaysians according to social statusGender Issues in Expatriation Preconceived ideas about western women expatriatesMalaysian Working vestureDifficulty in complying with the working paceHigh level of bureaucracy hinders job implementationCross-cultural facts of life Unavail strength of a incorporate Cross-Cultural Training programImportance of Training and OrientationThe extent to which expatriates fail to a chieve the expected outcomes of a foreign assignment is imputable to different reasons such as language problems, lack of effective friendship transfer between the home and the master of ceremonies country (Tung, 1987), lack of constitution skills for the expatriate to understand the cross-cultural interactions, shortage of technical abilities for the work to be done, lack of motivation or the expatriate may have difficulties to understand and adapt to either the physical or the cultural differences in the environment (Littrell et al., 2006). Companies use a variety of methods to teach expatriates cross-cultural skills, aimed at facilitating interactions with a foreign culture.Didactic TrainingThis type of raining is most often provided in snug briefings, which can be given in a classical lecture form or with less structured methods such as casual conversations with experts. It is the most common and more than two thirds of all multinational corporations offer didactic training in the form of informal briefings to their expatriates before deployment abroad (Brewster, 1995). This kind of training provides factual information regarding working and living conditions as well as cultural aspects of the host country. experiential TrainingThis training is conveyed using a number of methods including, not only, practical exercises, workshops and examples, but also more genuine concepts such as look-see visits to the host country (Caligiuri et al., 2001). The arrangement of look-see trips can provide a first real experience of the country for the expatriate and sometimes his or her family giving them probability to meet people in the new country and get a view of the new environment and the workplace. The planning of these trips should be properly done in order to be effective they need to be well planned, which can make them costly. Brewster (1995) argues that these are designed to give the expatriate a positive view they may not show the true picture of the hos t country (Brewster, 1995).Language TrainingTeaching expatriates the language and/or the business language of the host country is part of the language training. Tung (1981) suggests that while fluency can take months or even age to attain there are still benefits of using this training method. This technique is often used and is an effective way of preparing an expatriate to speed up the adjustment process. Although fluency in the native language is not achieved, the ability to enter into informal discussions, use common courtesies and show cultural empathy can help to facilitate adaptation to the host culture.Cultural Awareness TrainingThe ultimate objective of cultural cognisance training is to give the expatriate insight about the culture and cultural differences, by teaching awareness about the home culture. There are different training activities that are included such as self-awareness building and value ranking charts, but the goals can also be reached with more culture-ge neral approaches, such as simulation games and perceptual exercises (Grove Torbirn, 1985). Methods such as role-plays and self-assessments can be a sober way of building self awareness, which translates into acceptance of oneself and an ability to adapt to the host culture.ConclusionsIn reviewing various cultural theories presented by different authors, it is obvious that culture plays a vital role in doing business globally. Companies that look to expand their operations globally must understand the host culture in depth and cross-cultural dimensions developed by Hofstede and Trompenaars Turner are of great help in this field. Also, organizations wishing to go global by investing in foreign countries, there is always a growing need to manage, coordinate, control and integrate the foreign operations and therefore, the importance of expatriates cannot be ignored. However, it is also found out that preparing expatriates is a great challenge and organizations invest assign of resou rces to prepare and train them for foreign assignments. Finally, the type of training and orientation provided to the expatriates is plays a significant importance in the successful fulfillment of overseas assignment.

Friday, March 29, 2019

Role of Cubism in Art

mathematical function of Cubism in ArtIn this research paper, I put up explained the imposture educate of cubism and its role. I have chosen the cubit createing Les Demoiselles dAvignon painted by Pablo Picasso. He was the noted cubist painter. Picasso and Braque were the innovators of the cubist characterisation. In this research paper, I have tried to explain the formal characteristics standardised color, theme and texture that were consumption in the ikon Les Demoiselles dAvignon. The paper as well as includes political and social factors relate to the word- painting. In this paper I have also menti nonpareild the translation of the craft historians related to the painting.About CubismCubism can be defined as an mod art movement that modernized European painting and sculpture in the early 20th century. The core essence of cubism is that instead of viewing staff office fields from a single, fixed angle, the sculptor breaks them up into a multiplicity of aspect, so that some(prenominal) aspects or features of the d possess can be seen simultaneously. It is a wonderful expressive style to express the complexity and prescience of world in a simplified manner (Cubism, 2001).Cubism is a unique format where squargon shapes are organize together. In cubism, the square shapes are also lots softened with curves. In the ar twainrks of a cubist, objects are broken up, examine, and re-assembled in an abstracted form. The workman depicts the survey of his painting from a massive number of tie-ups to represent the subject in a greater setting instead of depicting objects from one viewpoint (Curtis, 1999).One of distinct characteristics of Cubism is that the place setting and object planes interpenetrate with one other to create the shallow ambiguous space. The Cubist style emphasizes on the matted and two-dimensional surface of the picture plane. It rejects the traditional techniques of perspective, foreshortening and disproving the time-h onored theories of art as the replication of nature. A cubist painter presents a new man material body in paintings that depicts radically fragmented objects, whose some(prenominal) sides can be seen simultaneously. They do not copy the form, texture, and color (Cubism, 2001).The chief creators or innovators of Cubism were Picasso and Gorges Braque. In the twelvemonth1908, the consideration cubism was first utilise by the French art reviewer Louis Vauxcelles. aft(prenominal) some long time, the term was in wide use but the two creators of cubism avoid using it for a long time (Cubism, 2001). Cubism seems to be unequivocally adjusted to the busy dynamic of contemporary life-time. Cubism consists of both theoretical and functional forms practical form being more dominant (Curtis, 1999).Formal characteristics of the workPicasso was a painter as well as a sculptor. Les Demoiselles dAvignon was the close significant work of Picasso in the development of Cubism. Picasso uses angry definitive lines and a great concept of luminousness and shadow (Picasso, 1996). With his artwork, Picasso was also a tolerant thinker. He had a unique style and due to this unique style, he became the first artist to have fame during his lifetime. Picasso was a great innovative artist who employ to search new sorts to express space and forms in painting. on that point are varied shades used by Picasso that reap the still life composition of women (Cubism, 2001).The painting is designed with tempera paint using a flat style and a neutral pallet. In this painting of Picasso, collage papers are created by mixing colours and creating texture by using sponges. After the shapes are attached in place, oil pastels are used to create patterns and enhance the overall design. Picasso is used to apply antithetic themes, styles and moods to design the painting (Picasso, 1996). All his paintings are different to each other. He tries to use very dark colors and textures, which yield hi s painting unique and different. In the early modern art, Les Demoiselles dAvignon was widely held as an influential and deciding(prenominal) work (Picasso, 1996).The painting is more a embark of an artist in the lick of changing his mind than a decided composition. The forms are dislocated and inconsistent in style. In fact, they seem to be unfinished. It is a painting with overthrowing perspective, single viewpoint, local and decorative color and underlying form (Les Demoiselles dAvignon, 2008).Picasso uses darker colors on the unexpended side of the painting and warmer colors on the right side of the painting. The painting is slightly pilot as compared to the paintings of Cezanne. The strong, harsh and different coloring has given the painting a different look in the cubist era (Picasso, 1996). The structure indicates the use of scheming white or black curves and outlines and cinnamon tone of the background at the left (Les Demoiselles dAvignon, 2008). A harsh blue, as i f a sharp glimpse of sky, surrounds the go steady at the upper right. The middle figures warmly doubtful body of Picassos painting. Contrasts of color and texture are reduced to a minimum, so as not to compete with the design.Larger social/political contextThe painting Les Demoiselles dAvignon was painted during the summer of 1907 by Picasso. gibe to Picasso, the cubism has came in a time period when the world was experiencing modernization in technology and medicate and the societies were rapidly growing and developing as well (Picasso, 1996). The meaning of the painting in English was the Young Ladies of Avignon it depicted five damages in a brothel. It is one of the about important paintings in the genesis of modern art. There is a strong similarity in the dramatic clashing of light and dark tones and the overhead light source (Meighan, 2008).The work of Picasso in Les Demoiselles dAvignon actually introduced cubism as art of movement. His painting has been noted as the t wentieth centurys most significant painting. His work depicted a crude version of prostitutes finished a deformed style never seen before. The painting was an anti-idealist representation of un-ideal subject matter (Meighan, 2008).Depictions of prostitutes and the theme of sexuality had been the subject of paintings in the past, but Les Demoiselles left an impact because of Picasso. He had portrayed the prostitutes in erotic poses with their arms perceptible positioned above their heads in order to show off their feminine, but obnoxiously distorted female framework (Meighan, 2008). Picassos choice to use five figures in his work was to multiply the penetration of the bitter gaze created. The harsh life style gives sad mirror images on the faces of the prostitutes, which in fact, lack any patient of of emotion (Picasso, 1996).To conceal their identity, the two women painted on the right are shown wearing African inspired masks. Through the representation of these prostitutes, Pi casso conveyed a nitty-gritty of filth disease in the cubist style. He has deliberately changed the prostitute as a way to express the rising cultural awareness and incumbrances of venereal disease, which had become a violent threat to these womens lives (Meighan, 2008). According to Picasso, cubism is repointly related to modernism. Picasso has his own perception to explain cubism. According to him, cubism is an expression of the minds alliance with the external world (Picasso, 1996).He is of the opinion that it is a direct analysis of the awareness, the process of vision and the relationship of ones unconscious that is based on ones personal experiences. Cubism represents the process, which the mind undergoes in order to create a unequivocal art from the past. Picassos Cubist art is the first aesthetic representation, which accurately conveys the process of reflexivity of the human mind. Picasso was a productive and creative artist. He has do near about 12,500 paintings, 2, 500 original prints, 1,000 different ceramics, and 700 sculptures.His works are often categorized in periods and each period is different in style and themes than the other. Picassos paintings are like pages from his diary (Picasso, 1996). He believed that painting is another way of keeping a diary. Picasso says that painting brings him a great pleasure and release. For him, painting is an extremely hard work.He tells us that when he works on a painting, there is a feeling that he is climbing a mountain with a heavy load on his back, without even subtile when he will lose his balance (Picasso, 1996). Once the picture is completed, he feels exhausted and tired but at the same movement he enjoys a lot. He has created the pictures based on his own experiences. Picassos work is pass by all the cubist painters like Filla, Braque, Feininger, Dellunay, etc. He is used to paint on the real aspect of the life. He believes that painting should be such a medium that describes the things on i ts own (Picasso, 1996).In the year 2007, Les Demoiselles dAvignon was described as the most influential work of art of the sustain 100 years. Picasso had the ability to interpret the most complex images in his own language (Picasso, 1996). There were many painters who could transform the sun into a yellowness make out, but Picasso was the one, who with his art and intelligence could transform a yellow spot into the sun. The movement also inspired about the modern architecture, sculptures, clothes, and even literature (Art of Picasso, 2008).Interpretation by two art historiansThe painting seems to be a form that goes in all pursuits of spatial depth and maintains a relationship to the pictorial surface. Picasso restructured the painting into harsh and angular planes, which destroyed the spatial depth and ideal form of female nude. The painting is not flat, but it is shaded in a way that gives it different dimensions. The painting includes the concave or bulgy style and looks lik e a portion of steadfastified space (Art of Picasso, 2008).The cubist painting constitutes a unique kind of matter, which imposes a new kind of integrity and continuity on the entire canvas. Each individual figure is united by a general geometrical principle, which overlays its own laws on to the natural proportions and merges almost completely with the background (Les Demoiselles dAvignon, 2008). There are no differences of light and darkness that might lend shape to the womens bodies and with the combination of several perspectives this contributes to a general impression of perplexity in space. To reach the privileged structures of objects and to establish that a picture is not a window on the world, Picasso simplifies the painting. The flat space in the painting is created by the definite solid outlining, tonal contrast and by both thick and heavy curves (Les Demoiselles dAvignon, 2008).Picasso was not interested in describing tone, depth or form of some of his painting. He ex pressed his indignation by making the use of imagination like the bull, the dying horse, a fallen warrior, a mother and dead child, a woman trapped in a burning building and a figure leaning from a window and holding out a lamp. The painting represented a revolutionary breakthrough in the tarradiddle of modern art (Art of Picasso, 2008). The nudes that frame the composition already demonstrate the decisive change of direction in Picassos art. In terms of Cubism, this painting is of a seminal importance.His revolt against the myth of feminine beauty is relatively peanut when compared with his other rebellion. With this picture, Picasso wants to destroy the whole of Western art not solo the proportions, but the organic integrity and continuity of the human body also Choi, 2004). It is almost impossible to overestimate the importance of this picture and the profound effect it has on art.There has been a critical debate over the years on the Picasso painting that attempts to account f or multiplicity of styles used within the work. The famous art historian Leo Steinberg in his landmark states that Picasso used different explanation for the wide range of stylistic attributes. Another art historian Rubin states that some of the figures faces symbolize the disfigurements of syphilis (Choi, 2004).The painting of Picasso is created by following a series of brothel. Rubin interprets that the painting expresses the artists skepticism, his willingness to risk anarchy for freedom, his fear of disease and unsoundness and most forcefully his deep-seated fear and disliking of the female body. The painting is sharp and pointed and has the influence of ancient Iberian sculpture. The faces have a compelling force that obliges to African sculpture. Picasso has sometime used Negro sculpture. Picasso has used the different objects, analyzed them and re-assembled in an abstracted form (Choi, 2004).ConclusionCubist painting is an art form created through a modernized approach to ex pression of the minds interpretation of the natural world. Cubist art is a form based on art. Cubism is a unique format where square shapes are formed together. The artist depicts the subject of his painting from a massive number of viewpoints to represent the subject in a greater context instead of depicting objects from one viewpoint (Meighan, 2008). Picasso was a very good painter and sculptor. He painting had the meaning and was different to others. He used to paint his own experiences and believed the painting should have some meaning. He used to create paintings with connection to reality.ReferencesCubism, (2001). Retrieved April 11, 2008 fromhttp//, (1996). Retrieved April 11, 2008 from http//, (1994). Retrieved April 11, 2008 from http//, P. (1999). work 1900-1945 After Rodin. P ublished Oxford publishing press.Meighan, M. (2008). Presentations, Retrieved April 11, 2008 from http// Demoiselles dAvignon, (2008). Retrieved April 11, 2008 from http// GALLERY, (2005). Retrieved April 11, 2008 from http// Picasso (1881-1973). Retrieved April 11, 2008 from http//, (2007). Retrieved April 11, 2008 fromhttp// of Picasso, (2008). Retrieved April 11, 2008 from http//, E.(2004). Picasso and aboriginal Cubism with Braque. Retrieved April 11, 2008 from http//

Thursday, March 28, 2019

Dead Poets Society Essay examples -- essays papers

defunct Poets nightspotDead Poets Society Hysterical TextOne psyches interpretation of a story is always different than some others. Some of us may see things that are non organism understandn to us. Dead Poets Society, in originator Tania Modleskis eyes has taken on a manifestation larger than the author herself. This story is not what the author will have you believe, whereas the true story was hidden in the misconception of Modleskis beliefs. The sexual content, homoerotic tensions, and antiauthoritarian behavior, seemed to come from the authors jealous thinking as opposed to the reality of the film.In the film a homosexual theme could not be seen. When Mr. Keating came to the give lessons to teach, he did not insist on being called oh headwaiter my headman. That phrase was used only three times in the movie, once by Mr. Keating himself. Oh captain my captain was used by two separate young men as a show of admiration and respect for Mr. Keating. In contrast Modleski sees oh captain my captain as a pious deference to male ascendancy(Modleski Dead White Male Heterosexual Poets Society 315) because the very bureau the film pretends to be challenging.One character that just enrolled at the school and was somewhat of a l 1r, and misfit, and is expected to achieve great success as his brother did before him. He is an example of how some families push one child to be exactly like another i.e. his older brother. When he first comes in contact with Mr. Keating he could not speak openly in front of a crowd. This is evident when he decides not to release a poem that is to be read in front of the order the following day. When Mr. Keating calls upon him to read and he cannot, he uses the technique of spinning him slightly while spewing... Mr. Keating probably was dismissed from the school in England for his freethinking ways. He may travel from school to school spreading the Dead poets Society way of free expression. This is illustrat ed when a boy returns to his room, and finds Mr. Keatings book of song lying on his desk.When Modleski critiqued this movie, with good intentions in mind, somehow she lost her way. there are two sides to every story and these boys and Mr. Keatings has been told. The illustrations, and aforementioned reasons, show that Dead poets society is a hysterical text. We may never contend the real meaning behind this movie, but we all have our interpretations of it. in that location are no hidden or reclusive meanings being visualized here, just a boarding school that suppresses freedom of thought, and creativity. This is why Mr. Keatings character comes through loud and clear.

Hispanic, Worker, Student, Mother Essay -- Graduate College Admissions

Hispanic, Worker, Student, start I am the only girl and middle child in a family of five siblings. As is common in Hispanic culture, my position was automatically placed below that of my brothers by virtue of my gender wholly. even out as a teenager, I was not allowed to go out to movies only if with my friends my younger brother was sent to keep an eye on me and tarradiddle rump to my mother. Needless to say, I was also not permitted to date in high shoal. At that time, without the social life afforded to other girls my age, I sour to academics. Captivated by muckrakers, yellow journalism, and the sheer power of the printed word, I find through with(predicate) journalism my love for writing. The idea of writing something that would get the anxiety of my teenage peers, or anyone for that matter, appealed to me. In one column I wrote astir(predicate) conspiracy activity at my high school. I argued for tougher disciplinary measures for gang members and against ineffec tive administrative procedures in dealing with gangs. However, one did not neglect gangs in the school paper and expect it to go unnoticed. While my adviser feared for my safety, he agreed to run the column anyway. The day it ran, I walked into school with my head held high and prepared for the worst, still it never came. Instead I got people talking talking about changes. I had succeeded in what I had intended for my writing. My senior year I became a correspondent for the El Paso Herald Post and earned an internship for the summer after graduation. Although I served as more than of a gopher than a writer, no task was in addition small. I loved the opportunity to hang around the newsroom and witness season veterans at work. When summer ended I was terrified at the facial expression ... ...e I had loved in academics. I needed to do more for my daughter and myself. In the summer of 1996, 1 walked off the contrast and back into the classroom. Unlike the scared, sheltered girl fresh out of high school, I was like a shot a single mother, a little older but far wiser. While I had longed for my mothers approval when I began college, I now had the admiration of my daughter. As her role model, Im obligated not merely to take her about responsibility but also to show her what is right through my actions. I have equilibrise academics, a child, a household, and a job (sometimes two jobs) every semester while continuing to have my writings produce and making the best grades of my academic career. The decisions to keep my daughter and to raise her alone could have devastated my academic career, but instead they made me into a strong, dedicated, and balanced person.

Wednesday, March 27, 2019

Go Tell It On A Mountain - Sum Essay -- essays research papers

break away One- The Seventh Day1. Summary- The recital starts by introducing the active role of church in toilet&8217s and his family&8217s life. Various activities occur on Sunday in church, much(prenominal) as school, hymns, and preaching. On the morning of his natal day, he call d witnesss up to lay in bed, wistful on his past birthdays and events. He falls asleep to wake up late and head to breakfast. Roy&8217s hardheaded personality is introduced here(predicate) by with(predicate) an argument with his mother. The argument was based on their father, and his abusive behavior. afterward breakfast, can buoy is assigned to sweep the front room, which is just peerless of his many another(prenominal) labors rough the house. He takes a pause to think of what kind of birthday this is, where no mavin even remembers it. but his mother comes through and gives him near variety to get a gift for himself, so he runs taboo to the city. On his way there, rage fills him and he daydreams ab stunned the white class in the city looking at him with respect. Respect of him because he&8217ll own the city. universe strikes him and he realizes that the people don&8217t even bring out him. subsequently u ejaculateg the money for a movie, he arrives back at phratry finding out that Roy had been in an incident. His father, aunt, and mother have a departure and and then the next day rear heads to church primaeval to give way up and clean up. Him and Elisha (a brother and preacher of the church) have a talk. ass is told to think active being saved, just as Elisha had been saved.Part Two- The Prayers of the SaintsFlorence&8217s Prayers1. Summary- This next chapter focuses on washbowl&8217s aunt, Florence. It begins with Florence at church, she is dreary for her sin yet doesn&8217t remember how to pray. A few nights before, she had stock a threatening message repeatedly and even saw death. The bilgewater then jumps back to her youth, where she worked as a servant-girl. She lived with her mother and younger brother, Gabriel. Florence had been a squirt hood friend with John&8217s mother, Deborah. Gabriel would be the &8220 apple of her his mother eyes he would be sent to school, fed more, and treated more specially. For this reason, Florence would begrudge her brother she lossed to learn far more than her brother eer did. The account statement jumps back to John and what he sees in church for a shortened moment, then goes in to talk about Florence&8217s husband... ... perplexing chapter of the book. From what I read, it seems that John is on the threshing floor with all these emotions and events discharge through his head. At first he hears voices, simply it&8217s confuse to consecrate whom it is coming from. The second set of voices came from above that sounds like his family. As John cries for help, his father comes to the rescue. The assistance is rejected because john does not want to be like his father. Then his fathe r attempts to lead him up the road, exclusively John resists. John thinks for a while and found out how the shake up is toy with John. Elisha comes to the rescue by talking with John. This talk raised John&8217s faith and found his place before the Lord. His mother is smart and smiles, but yet John wants to make sure no one forgets. He tells Elisha, that no matter what happens, he was saved. He explains how he went to the valley and was saved. Elisha tells him that deity won&8217t forget him, and leaves him with a kiss on the forehead. The floor ends with a picture perfect scene with the sun out and all. But yet, his father does not smile at John when smiled at him, that is one thing I don&8217t understand about the ending. Go Tell It On A Mountain - Sum prove -- essays research papers Part One- The Seventh Day1. Summary- The story starts by introducing the active role of church in John&8217s and his family&8217s life. Various activities occur on Sunday in ch urch, such as school, hymns, and preaching. On the morning of his birthday, he wakes up to lay in bed, pondering on his past birthdays and events. He falls asleep to wake up late and head to breakfast. Roy&8217s hardheaded personality is introduced here through an argument with his mother. The argument was based on their father, and his abusive behavior. After breakfast, John is assigned to sweep the front room, which is just one of his many labors around the house. He takes a pause to think of what kind of birthday this is, where no one even remembers it. But his mother comes through and gives him some change to get a gift for himself, so he runs out to the city. On his way there, rage fills him and he daydreams about the white folk in the city looking at him with respect. Respect of him because he&8217ll own the city. Reality strikes him and he realizes that the people don&8217t even notice him. After using the money for a movie, he arrives back at home finding out that Roy had be en in an incident. His father, aunt, and mother have a dispute and then the next day John heads to church early to open up and clean up. Him and Elisha (a brother and preacher of the church) have a talk. John is told to think about being saved, just as Elisha had been saved.Part Two- The Prayers of the SaintsFlorence&8217s Prayers1. Summary- This next chapter focuses on John&8217s aunt, Florence. It begins with Florence at church, she is sorry for her sin yet doesn&8217t remember how to pray. A few nights before, she had received a threatening message repeatedly and even saw death. The story then jumps back to her youth, where she worked as a servant-girl. She lived with her mother and younger brother, Gabriel. Florence had been a child hood friend with John&8217s mother, Deborah. Gabriel would be the &8220apple of her his mother eyes he would be sent to school, fed more, and treated more specially. For this reason, Florence would resent her brother she wanted to learn far more than her brother ever did. The story jumps back to John and what he sees in church for a brief moment, then goes in to talk about Florence&8217s husband... ... confusing chapter of the book. From what I read, it seems that John is on the threshing floor with all these emotions and events going through his head. At first he hears voices, but it&8217s confusing to tell whom it is coming from. The second set of voices came from above that sounds like his family. As John cries for help, his father comes to the rescue. The assistance is rejected because john does not want to be like his father. Then his father attempts to lead him up the road, but John resists. John thinks for a while and found out how the devil is toying with John. Elisha comes to the rescue by talking with John. This talk raised John&8217s faith and found his place before the Lord. His mother is happy and smiles, but yet John wants to make sure no one forgets. He tells Elisha, that no matter what happens, he was saved. He explains how he went to the valley and was saved. Elisha tells him that God won&8217t forget him, and leaves him with a kiss on the forehead. The story ends with a picture perfect scene with the sun out and all. But yet, his father does not smile at John when smiled at him, that is one thing I don&8217t understand about the ending.

Symbolic Analysts :: essays research papers

Symbolic Analysts     Reich uses the term of "symbolic analysts" to describe what he feels atomic number 53of the three main mull over classifications of the future forget be. The symbolicanalysts will be nighone who is a problem identifier, a problem solver, or aninnovator who can visualize new uses of existing technologies. This class ofworkers includes scientists, engineers, and separate scientific or technicalspecialties as tumefy as marketers, investors, some types of lawyers, developersand a wide variety of consultants.The symbolic analysts will have a high level of education, both in theclassroom and on the joke experience.     Reich believes that this new, actu eithery redefined, class of workers willbe the best bet for job harvesting and success into the next century. Opportunitiesfor job reaping will pillow rather high. This is a result of devil factors, aslowing egression in population and the future retirement o f the baby boomer extension (Reich, 203). It is not the number of jobs in the future that is theproblem, its the quality of those jobs. On the whole, Reich identifies twotrends in job quality. The number of mundane, manufacturing jobs will decreaseas well as the number of in-person service jobs e.g. bank tellers, but growth inthe number of symbolic analytical positions.     The loss of repetitive manufacturing is generally a cost saving plan ofAmerican corporations. Corporations seeking to decline their costs of labor movetheir large, low-skilled manufacturing to points all over the globe in attemptto find the lowest wages. Replacement of some in-person serve is attributedto technological change. Examples of this cutting of numbers can be seen in the rash of automated teller machines, unmanned self service gas stations, and sept shopping capabilities.     The symbolic analyst, however, contains a commodity that is bothvaluable and irreplace able. This is the benevolent thinking and problem solvingabilities that is becoming ever more grand in international business.Specialized groups of problem identifiers and solvers will sprout all over theglobe, selling their services to a wide variety of customers. This growth mightnot seem beneficial for America in the traditionalistic sense, as analysts will workfor foreign companies just as comfortably as American ones, but the intangible gainsof knowledge and experience assuage within our country. People cannot be shippedand marketed as advantageously as a new VCR.     The interesting point of Reichs theory for the future is that it offersno easily visible solutions of raising the standard of living for those whoreside in the linked States. In fact, I believe his symbolic analyst will barelyenlarge the growing income inequality between the rich and poor.

Tuesday, March 26, 2019

Pro-Anorexia Websites Essay -- Eating Disorders Pro-ana Internet

Pro-Anorexia Websites Cyber length, something that was once considered a fad, has developed into a tool that intromits people struggling with anorexia to potentially watch a sanctuary from the regulatory systems in popular culture that argon applied to womens bodies. Cyberspace provides an alternative space for women with eating disorders or body issues. The space created by cyberspace is potentially safer for women to meet because it allows anonymity while simultaneously creation part of a community that the strengthened environment is unable to provide. The components that make up pro-anorexia websites are usually considered abnormal, repugnant, or deviant within popular culture, because popular culture does not deport the way anorexics interpret images of the body. This popular view of people with anorexia does not allow anorexics to function as an accepted part of public space or popular culture. The paradox of pro-anorexia websites serving as a sanctuary sp ace for anorexics is that cyberspace is a public space. Since the pro-anorexia websites are public they not solo serve as a sanctuary for women, but in like manner effect as a metaphor for the anorexic body. The anorexic body is a site of struggle and resistance, which is also true for the pro-anorexia website which is constantly threatened with being shut down because it is in opposition of the popular view of the body. In this paper, I explore the type of space that pro-anorexia websites create through the analysis of the components that most of these websites contain, such as, a warning page, definitions of eating disorders, discussion boards, ana doctrines, and thinspiration galleries. Pro-anorexia, also known as pro-ana, websites are a genre of websites ... ...s into the anorexic psyche and body. The websites are sites of contradictions, much like the anorexic psyche and body. They allow non-sufferers a new perspective on eating disorders, but also get wind some of the mixed messages presented everyday in popular culture.Works Citedambrosia Refusal. sign of the zodiac page. 06 declination 2003.. Anas Journal. Home page. 08 December 2003. . An Ana World. Home page. 06 December 2003. . The Anorexic Files. Home page. 06 December 2003.. House-of-Sins. Home page. 06 December 2003.. Rain Baby. Home page. 06 December 2003..

Bronze and the Shang Dynasty :: Chinese China History

Bronze and the Shang DynastyA societies use of the materials surrounding them is compulsory to their success as a prominent civilization. The reign of the Shang dynasty roughly began almost c1600- c1050bc, during this time the middle class artisans devoted oft of their time to perfecting bronzy work for ritualistic purposes as well as military bottom while the Shang kings and nobles held positions of high power and prestige over the common solar day labourer. The kings were thought as having a special connection with the ancestors of the past and were exceedingly respected. The common Shang dynasty labourer lived a real hard and tedious life, give care the common Egyptian, everything was done to please the king. Unfortunately, the Shang kings were very harsh on the tribe and some even referred to the Shang dynasty as the Slave dynasty because the nobility had so much control over the common day workers, they had no shame in sacrificing other humans for ritualistic practices . As well, the Shang mess were also work with every day tasks such as hunting for food and an archean form of farming. Evidence of the Shang peoples everyday life were found at An yang, the Shang ceiling city, inscribed oracle bones presented a picture of constant contend with other groups around and even war. Modern day archaeologists have tote up to the conclusion that the bronze work of the Shang was very well crafted and elite at its time, thousands of Shang bronzes survives today. The influence of bronze on the Shang peoples everyday life, weaponry and art schematic a reputation of leadership among this group of people. The Shang peoples everyday life was very religious and trying. The rulers had a great amount of power over the people and controlled much of what they did in their day-to-day chores. The Shang elites and artisans devoted much of their time to perfecting bronze work. The elites organization was apparent because Shang rulers had to mobilize men and material to mine, transport, and refine the ores, to become and tool the clay models, cores and moulds used in the casting process and to accord the foundries. (Buckley 129) The excavation of ore used to make bronze was done by the poorer classes and looked subsequently by the noble class. The Shang people were able to organize themselves and get to the resources that they needed. through and through with(predicate) study, it is evident that the lower class of the Shang people worked very hard mining required labourers on hands and knees to drag their heavy ore sleds out through cramped and unventilated tunnels.

Monday, March 25, 2019

Changes in Family and Marriage Structure :: Sociology

Marriages and FamiliesChanges Imagine that, if in the 1920s whateverone would crap predicted that by the social class 2000 one out of two marriages will end in divorce. The subdue of single parents will triple and lots of them will n ever marry. duty tour at home moms will be conform to almost obsolete and, fearless people will want to get married and adopt children. Oh my, could you believe the look on their faces? Families are defiantly different now than they were then, only the world is also different. Does this repute than families are deteriorating or are they stronger than ever? Maybe they are just changing and are still as strong as they once were. So many changes pitch taken place within the family. Some of them are higher divorce judge, more(prenominal) functional mothers, more homosexual families, and a huge increase in children born out of wedlock. Many argue that most of the familys problems come from the mother working outside of the house. The fact is that working mothers is nothing new. Mothers aim always done something to help out, even if it was sewing, baking, or working on the land. In todays world its very great(p) to make ends meet with only one income. Children benefit in some ways from their mom working. In this materialistic culture children want to down all the nice things and whats hot.Working mothers spend on comely just as much quality time with their children as non working mothers. separate, single parents, and unmarried parents have always existed. It is no doubt that the rates of them have increased dramatically. Is this a bad sign? This doesnt mean that families are weak. It only means that peoples morals have changed. Families are not perfect, but they are strong. We also have more freedoms than we did in the 1920s. Women can now leave their husbands when things are unbearable. Women didnt have as many choices then. Just because families seemed good then dont mean that they were. Its not something we s hould try to stick out up to. later all we are talking about a time when slaves were effectual and treated badly. On the opposite side men dont get to really be full time fathers after divorce. Divorce defiantly affects children. It is also better for children if they dont have to live in a household of anger and unhappiness. Of

US Government - Checks And Balances :: Political Science Government Essays

US Government - Checks And BalancesThere is no more important function for all of regime to define the rights of its citizens. (Norman Dorsen) In this essay I will fall out a short history of the consecratement in United States of the States (U.S.). Then I will describe each of the three tell apartes of government in the U.S. and the relationship among them. In principle, the U.S. is a democratic republic, they govern themselves by choosing their leaders by secret ballot, and these leaders in bust start the directs. Americans started governing themselves as a nation on July 4th, 1776, when the declaration of Independence was signed in Philadelphia by representatives of the thirteen British colonies in North America. These states joined together formally in 1781 under a first constitution, the Articles of Confederation. That loose union of the states was replaced by the Constitution of the U.S. in 1789. This memorial (amended 26 times) is still the political foundation of t he U.S. Being based on a written constitution, the U.S. government is committed in principle to the rule of law. To guarantee the rights of free speech, a free press, freedom of religion etc. the first ten amendments, called the Bill of Rights were adopted in 1791. There atomic number 18 three levels of government in the U.S. Local government (city/county), state government, and national official official government. Here I will pay most attention to the federal government. Many of the concepts of the U.S. government can be traced to progressive thinkers of the seventeenth and eighteenth centuries, e.g. Locke, Spinoza, Blackstone, and Montesquiueu. Out of some of their thoughts the U.S. government system with the three branches were made A legislative branch ( intercourse), an Executive branch (President), anda judicial branch (Supreme Court). The Constitution is most of all a document of checks and balances among the three branches of the federal government and between the level s of government, nation and state. The legislative branch (Congress) that has the power to make laws valid for the whole country. Powers like the regulation of taxes,regulation of commerce between the states and with foreign countries, the power to decl be war, and the power to impeach the President are some of the other matters the legislative branch have to deal with. Congress has two chambers (or houses) theSenate and the House of Representatives (the house). The Senate consists of one hundred senators both senators from each of the fifty states.

Sunday, March 24, 2019

Who Controls the Private Sphere in an Archaic Greek Society :: Women Power Greek Greece Essays

Who Controls the Private welkin in an Archaic Greek Society Abstract Texts, such as Oeconomicus, reveal that while men in Archaic Greek association had authority everywhere their wives, they were too confident of their authorization, and once they taught women how to act and impart they granted women authority everyplace the household or personal sphere. This separationism of the public and private spheres allowed women control not only over the private sphere, but also some control over her own life. Did women in Archaic Greek society become control over their lives? Today, servicemany another(prenominal) would argue that women did not have control, but rather their fathers and husbands controlled them. However, when looking well-nigh at Greek texts, such as Xenophons Oeconomicus, one discovers that husbands were so confident of their control that once women were taught how to manage the household they granted women do it authority over the decisions made in the private sphere. Although men nevertheless had authority over women, the segregation of public and private spheres gave wives some control over their lives. Initially, when a girl was married, her husband had complete control over her life. A mans bride was usually a very untested girl who was considered an empty vessel because she had no knowledge about how to do or manage a household. During a conversation in Oeconomicus amongst Socrates and Kritoboulos, Socrates asked, Did you marry her when she was a very young girl and had seen and heard as little as possible (16)? Since girls did not come to a mans household with any knowledge it was the husbands play to only fill her vessel with the knowledge that he wanted her to know. In this way, men believed that they had control over their wives lives. Although men felt that they had control over their wives lives, it seems unlikely that women came to their husbands without any knowledge about how t o manage the household. No guinea pig how sheltered a girl was raised she still must have picked up skills from her mother. Therefore, it is safe to assume that girls were deceiving their husbands about the skills they knew and were simply putting on an act of naivete so their husbands believed they were in control.

Nursing Mentorship Program Essay -- Nursing Practice, Nursing Profess

As Finkelman (2006) stated, Mentoring, and important c atomic number 18er development to that layabout be used by nurses any type of set or specialty, can be used to develop the critical leadership skills needed by nurses. All successful leaders have had mentors argon our mentors (Finkelman,2006, p. 390). Currently my readiness has a six to months mentoring program for new graduates. This program is in asset to the current preceptor program that orients the new graduates to the unit they will be assigned. Most of these new nurses are graduates from local nursing schools and have through most of their clinical nursing education at this facility. The hospital realizes that dismissal from a classroom and clinical setting to on hands bedside affected role care can be a rude awakening.The registered nurses, selected to be mentors are the more experience, knowledgeable and will support and nurture the new grad. These Mentors are the individuals that tell the new nurse what she needs t o know and will submit her ways to accomplish her goals successfully and expose them to opportunities to learn new things. The nur...

Saturday, March 23, 2019

Alexander The Great Essay -- essays research papers

black lovage the Great is tell to be iodin of the great conquerors of all time, and yet, his significance in battle showed up late in his life. His early years were spent in poverty, and as the years progressed, his ideate of being a war hero grew dimmer and dimmer.Ironically, while he was later known as a war hero, he was ch dyspeptic out feared by all because of his reputation as a drinker and murderer. tho frontmost, his tushground. He was born in 356 BC. His parents were Philip, the brother of King Perdiccas III of Macedon, in Northern Greece. His mother was Olympias, daughter of King Neoptolemus I of Epirus, in contemporary Albania. He also had a younger sister, Cleopatra (not the famous Egyptian queen).However, this family was not as ordinary as one might think. In fact, his parents perfectly hated each other. Philip had complied with Macedonian tradition and had a few wives. Soon, one of his wives had a baby which had mysteriously become disabled after birth. It was said that the disability was due to poisoning from Olympias. Olympias somewhattimes told horse parsley that Philip wasn&8217t his current father, but this probably wasn&8217t true.After all, Philip certainly did seem to care for horse parsley as if he was his real son. He even appointed Aristotle himself as Alexander&8217s first and only tutor. Yet, there weresome things slightly Alexander that made Philip angry. He hated the fact that his was very weedy and the fact that he had a high-pitched voice. Still, Alexander felt favorable to fool this man as his father and mentor. In 359 BC, when Alexander was three, Philip&8217s Brother, King Peridcaas III, died. It was originally planned that his son, Amyntas, was tosucceed him with Philip as his regent, but Philip usurped his nephew&8217s bathroom and made himself King Philip II. In a few decades, he turn out to be a stronger king and he eventually conquered most of Greece. When he was in his teens, Alexander&8217s father came t o him one day and told him that he had to leave to fight in a war. Thus Alexander, being his regent, would make water to serve for the time being. While his father was away, Alexander led an chasse to a wild region of modern day Bulgaria. Here, he bring a race of wild barbarians, whom he later subdued. He, then, established his first city, Alexandropolis, at the site of this defeat. This made his strength apparent to everyone and ... ...y from Roxane for a prospicient period of time. His men refused to go any further, however, and he turned back to go home. On the march home, he fought legion(predicate) cities, and took an arrow in the chest, but lived.On a later visit to Persia, he found that many of his Governors had abused their power. He had them executed and, in an attempt to reunite the 2 civilizations, he married the old King&8217s daughter, Barsine, while alleviatemarried to Roxane. His best friend, Hephaestion, married Barsine&8217s sister, Drypetis. He even gave som e Persians high rankings in his army. But these attempts failed and even the marriages broke up.In the fall of 324 BC, Alexander&8217s best friend, Hephaestion, died.Alexander was heartbroken and in the following summer, Alexander became ill and died on June 13 in Babylon at the age of 32. Modern historians have long suspected that he died from Malaria, but, recently, it has been suggested that Typhoid Fever was the culprit. Today, we know Alexander as one of the greatest generals, leaders, andconquerors of all time, and we know that this was his main final stage in life... To beremembered, not as a villain, but as his childhood dream.....A war hero.